What does supplication mean in Islam?
Of course, there are conditions for accepting supplication but first of all, let’s understand more about the supplication itself. Supplication means calling Allah and speaking to him asking something. You may ask for health, children, money, a job, and any other wishes in the world. But also you can pray for Allah to ask him for thawab and Al-Jannah. Muslims can do it during their daily prayer or throughout the day. The most surprising thing about supplications, that you can create them on your own with your own words. Simply, supplication and dua are methods to communicate directly with our merciful Allah.
Surah Al-Baqarah: When My servants ask about Me, I am indeed close to them. I listen to the prayer of every supplicant when he calls on Me. Let them also, with a will, listen to My call, and believe in Me, so that they may walk in the right way (186)
Even though God knows what’s inside of us and also knows the right for us, dua and supplications are very important. Supplication means that you admit the power and the strength of Allah and that you are his weak creature. Also, it is a method to say “thanks” to Allah for the gifts he sent to you. In addition, supplication is a great way to speak with Allah about your problems and pain because this means that you are close to him.
What are the conditions for accepting supplication?
Based on the Holy Quran and the Prophet’s Sunnah, Islamic scientists have indicated some conditions for accepting supplication:
- You must have a lawful and halal income
Surah Al-Baqarah: “O you who have believed, eat from the good [i.e., lawful] things which We have provided for you and be grateful to Allah if it is [indeed] Him that you worship (172)”
- The sincerity, ask Allah with a focused mind and heart; and with a full certain that Allah will answer it
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Call on Allah while having a full conviction that He will answer, and realize that Allah does not answer the dua that proceeds from a heedless, inattentive heart.”
- To seek out the blessed times and places for dua to be answered
These include times like the early morning hours, after the adhan, after the obligatory prayers, the time of dua on Friday, and in Ramadan; and places such as Mecca, Arafat, and Medina
- To call on Allah with yearning, longing, need, hope, and while being humbled
Express your need—of Him—to Him; place all your hope in Him alone; and tell Him you have no one else to turn to. One of the best expressions of our need is the simple sunna of raising the hands when making du’a, ideally while in a state of wudu and while facing the qibla.
- To be patient and realize that Allah has full knowledge of our problems and is in full control of our circumstances.
Allah will respond to our du’a based on what is best for us, in the time that He knows is most appropriate, and based on one of the three ways mentioned above. We must persevere in calling on Him, and not give up if we don’t see an immediate response.
- To remember that Allah knows what is best for us, even if we may dislike it at first.
Allah Most High states, “Perhaps you would hate a thing while it is good for you; and perhaps you would like something that is bad for you—Allah knows, and you know not.” (2:216)
How do I know if my Dua is accepted?
Allah and the Prophet Muhammad teach us through the Quranic lessons and the life story of our prophet (PBUH), that dua can be answered by Allah in 3 different ways:
- An immediate answer
- Allah will delay the answer
- Allah will withhold the answer
The signs of the response to the supplication mentioned by scholars are fear, crying and goosebumps, and trembling, fainting, and backbiting may occur, and the consequence of this is the stillness of the heart, coldness of composure and the appearance of activity inwardly and lightness outwardly, so that the one who supplicates thinks that he had a heavy burden on his shoulders, so he put it on his shoulders.
The prophet said: “Supplicate to God while you are certain of the answer, and know that God does not respond to a supplication from a negligent, careless heart.” Hadith
Why is my Dua not being accepted?
There are several reasons that your dua and supplication are not accepted:
- Weak iman (believe) that Allah will accept and answer your supplication
- Sins prevent dua; sinful person must ask Allah for forgiveness and tawba (repentance) first
- The person income is not halal because Allah loves only who eats halal
- being impatient and waiting for immediate answer; you should be sure that Allah does only the best for you
- Putting conditions to Allah and this is wrong and unacceptable; Muslims should ask what they want from Allah politely
- For accepting supplication we have to send many salutations for our beloved prophet to get answered
- Muslims should repeat their dua more and more because Allah loves to be invoked
What are the best supplications?
Surah Ghafir: “Your Lord has proclaimed: Call upon Me, I will respond to you” (60)
Of course, you can ask Allah for what you desire and need in your own words. But also, there are a lot of supplications you may use to ask Allah for his blessing and forgiveness. Using the dua of the beloved prophets increases the chance of accepting supplication:
- The prophet said: “The supplication of Dhun-Nun (Prophet Yunus) when he supplicated, while in the belly of the whale was: ‘There is none worthy of worship except You, Glory to You, Indeed, I have been of the transgressors. (La Ilaha Illa Anta Subhanaka Inni Kuntu Minaz-Zalimin)’ So indeed, no Muslim man supplicated with it for anything, ever, except Allah responds to him.”
- Bismillahil-lazi la yadhurru ma’asmihi syai’un fil ardhi wa la fis-sama’i wa huwas-sami’ul aleemIn the Name of Allah with Whose Name, there is protection against every kind of harm in the earth or in heaven, and He is All-Hearing and All-Knowing
- Allahumma inni as’alukal-’afwa wal ‘afiyah fid-dunya wal-akhirahO Allah, I seek Your forgiveness and my well-being in this world and the Hereafter
- A’uzu bikalimatillahit-tammaati min syarri ma kholakI seek protection in the perfect words of Allah from every evil that has been created
- Rabbana afrigh ‘alaina sabran wa tawaffana Muslimin“Our Lord! Pour out on us patience, and allow us to die as Muslims.”
- Ya Hayyu Ya Qayyum, birahmatika astaghitsu, aslih li sha’ni kullahu, wa la takilni ila nafsi tarfata ‘aini“O The Ever-Living, O The Self-Subsisting, I seek help through Your Mercy. Set right all my affairs and do not leave me to myself even for the blinking of an eye (i.e. a moment).”
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