Hajj and Umrah are very important types of pilgrimage in Islam. Umrah allows you to visit the grand mosque in Mecca and the prophet’s mosque in Al-Madinah freely at any time. Hajj is the fifth pillar in Islam and it has only one specific timing every year. Although Hajj is obligatory, it has some conditions such as physical and financial abilities. In Islam, pilgrimage aims to let Muslims be closer to their creator by visiting His Holy Mosque (House of God). This visit purifies your heart and cleanses you up from all sins, just if you worship Allah with a sincere intention.

Surah Al-Baqarah: “And complete the hajj and umrah for Allah(196)”

Hajj and Umrah like all religious rites have their own certain methods to be done. Before going to Mecca, you have to be ready for the trip, but your requirements are different this time. First, you need to learn Arabic because the language will help you deal with the country’s people and carry out your prayers. In Islam, we are not allowed to pray in any other language except Arabic, in addition, reading the Holy Quran must be in Arabic. I recommend you a great course Arabic Language Course. Now you can enjoy learning the language with qualified tutors who can help you.

Surah Yusuf: “Indeed, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’ān1 that you might understand(2)”

Another important point, don’t start with hajj and umrah to worship Allah. You as a Muslim should be aware of all other essential aspects of worship. Here I am talking about the Holy Quran and all that we need to know about Islam and how to be a good Muslim. We must study Islamic Studies Course because this course can teach you about the different sectors of Islam. You will the pillars of Islam; the Tawheed (belief), the prayers, the zakat, the fasting of Ramadan, and the hajj (the pilgrims). Also, you will study the prophet’s life (PBUH) and his companions.

Rituals of Hajj and Umrah

Steps of Hajj (briefly):

  1. Preparation and Intention
  2. Enter the state of Ihram
  3. Tawaf x7 (walking around Al-Kaaba)
  4. Safa and Marwa
  5. Clip/Shave Hair (Umrah ends)
  6. Resting and Praying
  7. Enter the state of Ihram
  8. Arrive at Mina
  9. Day of Arafah
  10. Muzdalifah (under the night sky)
  11. Rami (stoning of the devil)
  12. Sacrifying (sheep slaughter)
  13. Shave head
  14. Tawaf al-Ifadha (walking around Al-Kaaba)
  15. Rami (stoning of the devil)
  16. Spend the night at Mina
  17. Rami (stoning of the devil)
  18. Farewell Tawaf al-Wida

Steps of Umrah (briefly):

  1. Ihram
  2. Tawaf (walking around Al-Kaaba)
  3. S’aai between Safa and Marwah
  4. Shave head

Now it is available to learn Arabic reading using the Holy Quranic words (Al Tareeka Al Nourania). In this way, you can study the alphabet and the sounds in Arabic. Also, it is important to know how to read and memorize the Holy Quran with its tajweed rules. You can get the essential tricks of memorizing the Quran and how to say dua for the right prayer. Another Islamic branch is the Fiqh which is the philosophy of Islamic law; this presents among the Quran and the traditions of the Prophet. Don’t forget the Hadith or the sayings of our beloved Muhammad to understand many of the Islamic topics.

Hajj is one of the cornerstones of Islam, an annual spiritual experience that Muslims commit at least once in their lives to express their faith in Allah and their slavery to Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala — Glory to Him, the Blessed One). Let us understand the Hajj rituals that each pilgrim performs during their pilgrimage to Mecca. Hajj al-Ifrad — This essentially refers to performing the Hajj rituals only without the need for a sacrificial animal (hadee) or Qurbani. A prilger who takes this form of Hajj is called Mufrid.Hajj al-QiranThis type of pilgrimage involves passing Hajj and Umrah together while in the state of Ihraam. This form requires a sacrificial animal to complete the rituals. A pilgrim who takes this form of Hayy is called Qaarin.

Hajj Al-Tamatt’u The most common type of pilgrimage from Hajj and a prophet Muhammad (PBUH) encouraged their companions to act. It refers to performing umrah rituals during the Hajj season and then completing the steps towards Hajj between the 8th and the 13th day of Dhu al-Hiyjah. The rituals of umrah and hajj are performed by entering a separate state from ihraam, and a sacrificial animal is required to complete this form of hajj. A pilgrim who takes this form of Hayy is called Muttamatti. Pilgrims can choose to do one of the three Hajj procedures that are easier for them.

Hajj Rituals – How to perform Hajj

The acts of faith that all pilgrims perform during their spiritual journey to Saint Kaaba are collectively called hadj rituals lasting five days from the 8th to the 12th day of Dhu al-Hiyjah.

Hajj Preparations

Preparations for Hajj begin on the eighth day of Dhu al-Hijjah when pilgrims intend to make the pilgrimage by wearing ihraam robes. Suppose ihraam of Miqat – The intention of performing Hajj Before pilgrims enter and cross Al Masjid Al Haram (the sacred border of Mecca) and cross to perform Hajj, they must use ihraam to build haram and cross the five different areas of miqats on the border of Haram. Below are the destination options and the relevant miqats for pilgrims traveling to Saudi Arabia for hajj:

• Dhu’l Hulaifah (Abbyar Ali) is for pilgrims arriving for the first time in Saudi Arabia from or through Madina to perform Hajj al-Tamatt’u

• Al-Juhfah (near Rabigh) is for pilgrims who come from Syria or through Syria thought. Morocco or Egypt.

• Qarn-al Manazil (As-Sail al-Kabeer) is for pilgrims coming from Najd or Taif or via Najd or Taif.

• Yalamlam (Sa’adiyah) is for pilgrims from or through India, Pakistan or Yemen.

• Dhat `Iraq is for pilgrims from or across Iraq.

Before leaving their whereabouts and reach the sacred border of Mecca, pilgrims must adopt a state of ihraam, which is the combined sacred act of Niyyah and Talbiyah necessary to carry out Hajj. Niyyah is the innate intention to perform an act of worship, while talbiyah is a special prayer to achieve ihraam.

All pilgrims are required to stick to certain guidelines before entering into the Miqat. To become muhrim (a pilgrim who has reached ihram status), a pilgrim must prepare for ihram by following the following steps as indicated by the Prophet (PBUH): 

Performing washes

cleansing the body to achieve physical purity, which includes some mandatory rituals (mustahabb) and others are preferable for ihram: 

Ghusl (Mustahab) Smell your head and beard. (Mustahab Cut your fingernails and toenails (preferred Cut mustache (preferred) V. Shaving unwanted body hair (preferred) Switch to holy clothing from two-piece ihram white sheets (hoist and Rida) for men and ordinary Islamic clothing for women. Both men and women should wear the flip flops or sandals that expose the middle bones of the metatarsal   perform the two rakats of Salah al-Ihram while covering your head   Pronounce niyyah as miqat approaches  Recite Talbiyah repeatedly while at miqat stations on the sacred border crosses the Great Saint Mosque until the beginning of Tawaaf before traveling to Mecca for the next step from Umrah. 

Performing the umrah rituals 

Pilgrims who intend to perform Hajj al-Tamatt’u must combine the rituals of umrah with those of Hajj. The following are the ten important rituals of Hajj step by step: 

 Ihraam and the intention to perform Hajj After completing the rituals of umrah, pilgrims must accept the status of ihram and declare their intention to do Hajj. Trip to Mina Shortly after observing morning prayers, all pilgrims must go to Mina (a village in Mecca) where they perform ritual prayers for a whole day (dhuhr, asr, maghrib, isha, fajr, and qasr) as indicated in the Quran. Journey to Mt. Arafat makes a Wafuq pilgrim trip from Mina Reciting to Arafat Repeated stoning in Mina After sunset Day 11 and 12 by Dhu al-Hiyjah During Day 2 of Hajj, Day 9 of Dhu-al-Hiyjah 

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